Watching out for UV damage to sails

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We’ve been in Penang for a couple of days now, catching up on projects. This afternoon, after the sun disappeared behind the condos backing the marina and the air cooled, Jamie and I took a walk around and looked at the other boats. Primary takeaway: the sun, she is strong!

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Many boats had some degree of the damage shown here: a protective cover worn thin from UV (see the tear?), with stitching so rotted it’s literally breaking apart in place. Is the UV strip material a low quality knockoff? Not sure. Was UV resistant PTFE thread used? Highly unlikely. Sailmakers don’t like this thread because it’s expensive and difficult to work with. Sailors resist it because it’s so costly that it adds meaningfully to the overall cost of a new sail. Still, it’s a lot cheaper than replacing the stitching after several years in the tropics- or procrastinating on the re-stitching, and finding yourself in need of a new sail some years sooner than expected.

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This sail has a UV cover, although it’s harder to tell because it’s white. But see how the webbing is exposed in the clew? It’s now the weak link: webbing should be sewn beneath cover, too. It would also be better to get that sail furled in all the way instead of leaving the triangle of windage.

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Here’s another boat that couldn’t be bothered to furl properly, and has webbing outside the UV cover. Classic shortcut in a lower end loft, according to Mr Salty.

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Better than keeping sails covered with UV cloth is not to have them on deck at all. That’s not practical for actively cruising boats, but we see boats that are clearly not moving for long periods and still have all the sails bent on. Down the dock is a catamaran we remember from Mexico. For about three years, the owner(s) have been working locally. They’re probably not sailing at all, since the running rigging is down, so why are the sails still on? A 38′ cat with just two people on board should have room to stow them. Sunbrella has a finite useful life when subjected to UV.

We’re not above reproach. Totem’s genoa is in a pathetic state. The UV strip began failing more than a year ago, and now waves in tattered flaps even when furled. We have spare Sunbrella, but not a sewing machine on board, so it’s gone wanting. I jokingly refer to the fluttering as our string of prayer flags, but it’s nothing to be proud of. On the other hand, it is a kind of twisted advertising as it has literally brought customers to Jamie. People have stopped to introduce themselves and talk about local sailmaking options- because clearly, we need help! They subsequently learn Jamie represents a loft, and he’s now sold sails to cruisers we met in this unusual fashion.

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thanks to Bill on Solstice for this picture of Totem, heading north in the Malacca Strait

Still, it’s nothing to be proud of and the truth is that we can’t wait to replace this sail. Jamie’s worked out the specs and it will soon be on order. It will be a little bigger at 110%, and made from much better sailcloth: a compromise between being small enough to deal with higher windspeeeds, while big enough to offer better performance.

Earlier in the day, Niall helped Jamie measure up our storm stays’l- photo at top. The prior owner used to keep it on the inner headstay, and you can see the color difference in the UV strip where the sun faded it. It’s in okay shape, but there’s a point at which fading becomes irreparable damage. Happily the sail passed muster. It’s not ideal as a storm sail but managed fined the one time we used it. Still, the sailmaker is tinkering in preparation for our Indian Ocean crossing.

Enlightened sailors know you love it when you read this on the Sailfeed website.

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8 Responses to Watching out for UV damage to sails

  1. svceolmor September 26, 2014 at 8:19 am #

    and the cobbler’s children have no shoes. 😉

    • Behan September 26, 2014 at 8:27 am #

      So funny Cidnie- I use that phrase ALL THE TIME in reference our headsail!

  2. Mark October 1, 2014 at 1:59 pm #

    A good post Behan. They are the winds engine. I know we check or lump of iron before every sail to make sure she is going to work but how often do we check the sails. Even out here in the Med the sun plays havoc with them. Ours come off every winter. Oh by the way, if you do take them off remember to tie that line you drop them with to the drum and don’t haul it back up… guess how I found out!

  3. Viki Moore October 1, 2014 at 2:54 pm #

    Sails are so expensive, they are absolutely worth protecting! My mainsail cover fell to bits last year, just glad it wasn’t the sail instead! Thanks for the tips!

  4. Kim Brown October 1, 2014 at 6:59 pm #

    Oh my….I never even thought of UV damage. Yet another thing I don’t know anything about. We’re looking to order new sails next year as ours are delaminating. This is probably going to sound like a very stupid question, but do you need to request UV protection on sails or do they, as standard, come with some sort of protection?

    • Jamie October 5, 2014 at 11:13 am #

      Hi Kim – For furling sails, any sailmaker would assume it requires UV protection and ask you to be sure, or just include. There is much more than UV covers though, to spec’ing out really good sails. I’ll email thoughts on this. Jamie

      • Kim Brown October 8, 2014 at 2:17 pm #

        Hey Jamie…yes I would appreciate more information on sails. We’ve been quoted for a Main and Genoa from North Sails…And I know another Oyster 56′ owner getting a two new sails. I’m getting confused about what is best for cruisers. We are not interested in racing – we just want our sails to last for as long as they possibly can…

        Everyone I talk to tells me a different material to get…and then then there’s the whole sun protection that I never thought of. When you spending so much money you want to make sure that you get the longest life possible.

        Also…I was wondering if there’s a genoa sock or something you can pull over the furled genoa when you’re moored up? Currently, our main drops into a bag that gets zippered up so I know that’s being protected from the elements.

        Until I read the post above I didn’t really put much thought into our sails but I now realise I should!

        Thanks Jamie!

        Smiles,
        Kim

  5. Ellen @ The Cynical Sailor October 2, 2014 at 7:09 am #

    Really useful post. Lots to think about when it comes to UV damage on your sails. Thanks for the tips!

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